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A picture of King Sejong the GreatThe Korean Alphabet and Language

Hangeul is the Korean alphabet and language. In the past, the Korean people used Chinese characters because they did not have their own alphabet. Chinese was hard to learn so most people could not read or write. King Sejong the Great worried about this. He wanted to help his people so he made Hangeul. King Sejong was born in 1397, the third son of King Taejong, the third king of Korea's Joseon Dynasty, and Queen Wongyeong.

When King Sejong the Great made Hangeul, he wrote a book about it called 'HunminJeongeum'. In this book, he explains how and why he made Hangeul. This makes Hangeul the only alphabet in the world that has an accurate written history.

The Korean Alphabet System and LanguageHangeul has 24 letters. It consists of 14 consonants and 10 vowels. But including diphthongs and double consonants, there are 40 letters in total. These consonants and vowels are similar to those in the English alphabet like b, f, t and a, e, i, o, u. Hangeul is easy to learn because it was designed in a scientific way. It is fast becoming well-known throughout the world.

Use of Vowels and Consonants

Vowels in the Korean language may be attached to the left, right or beneath each other in order to form a word. When constructing a word, you must add a mixture of consonants and vowels, beginning with the consonant at the beginning of the word. In some cases, there is no need to use a consonant at the beginning in which ㅇ (null character) is used. See examples of their use.

Before you begin learning the Korean language, you should take some time to practice writing Korean.